While we don’t realize it, obesity is spreading at a rather frightening pace across the world. Recent data suggests that the numbers of overweight individuals has gone up dramatically since the 1980s.
It has come to a point where in 2008 it was confirmed that over 32.2% men in the USA and 35.5% women were overweight. These same estimations carried forward to 2009 and 2010, with little sign of decline going forward. A research claims that the reasoning behind this could be that a lot of people tend to over indulge in food. According to most experts our body is not designed to deal with overeating that well. We as biological beings are made so that we can make use of minimal food for our survival. The problem is not just eating a lot of food but it is what we choose to eat. Nowadays, people consume sugars, carbohydrates and fats a lot more than people did ever before because it is easier to access than ever before. Not to mention we are gaining a lot more calories than we burn on regular basis and these habits have dire consequences.
The study also highlights the dangerous ailments that one can encounter if they overeat. Among the leading ailments that one can acquire, Type 2 diabetes is a very common disease in which a person has higher levels of blood sugar. High blood sugar is a major cause of heart disease, kidney disease, stroke, amputation, and blindness.
Globally speaking around, 1.9 billion adults aged 18 years and older were overweight obese. It is not known why obesity results in higher chances of diabetes. Blood carries sugars to the cell through the hormone insulin to be used as energy. Somehow overweight people become insulin resistant and the excess sugars cannot be removed from the blood causing blood sugar to be high, an expert claims. Also the cells responsible of creating insulin have to work harder to make more insulin to compensate and defunct as a result.
A common problem caused by being overweight and obesity is the narrowing of the blood vessels which can cause a series of diseases. Most common are heart diseases include heart attack, angina (chest pain), heart failure, abnormal heart rhythm or sudden cardiac death. Another problem associated with blood vessels being clotted is stroke. There are two kinds, ischemic stroke, when an artery is blocked and is unable to carry blood to the brain. The second, hemorrhagic stroke, occurs when an artery in the brain bursts.
Though the most dangerous of all is cancer. Research shows that overweight people have an increased risk of cancer. This is because fat cells release hormones which disrupt the natural order of things and can cause a mutation which can lead to cell divide abnormally.
Though this all is grim, new research shows that this might all be avoidable. A diet with fruits and vegetable can provide nutrients and antioxidants that make the immune system strong and cleans the toxicants out of the body. Latest research shows that we are consuming a lot more amount of sugars than we actually should. And most of these are hidden sugars. The sugar in our coffee or our salad dressings or even in our diet cokes. These sugars end up adding a lot more calories than we normally consume. Research shows 15 minutes intensive exercises just 3 to 4 times a week could help phenomenally.
In conclusion even the smallest health choices we make in any moment of the day can help us become healthier humans in the long run and can help us prevent such ailments.