Ever since ancient times, humans have thrived for longevity, looking for ways to extend their lifespan or escaping their mortality. While we have not gotten there yet, a recent research has unlocked quite a bit of information on how aging works and the things that could slow it down.
In a recent study, scientists discovered that the B vitamin folate has a vital part in preservation of DNA methylation and DNA integrity, which affects telomere length.
The research also discovered that use vitamin B12 supplements accompanied by the use of Vitamin D3, zinc, iron, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamins C and E also had an impact telomere length. This backs up the results of a previous study from 2009 that brought to light the first epidemiologic evidence that the use of multivitamins by women is linked with longer telomeres.
Our bodies are made up of cells, and inside their nucleus they have DNA bundled to form chromosomes. Now these chromosomes have telomeres capped at their tips which protect their genetic information from being damaged. Now every time the cells replicate these telomeres are becoming shorter and shorter till a point is reached that the genetic material gets damage, but before this point is reached cells kill themselves. Each replication shrinks telomeres so the smaller the length of telomeres the sooner we start to age and when cells stop dividing the body loses its function and we die. Scientist and researchers are now exploring ways to stop telomeres from shrinking.
Studies have also shown that longer telomeres are not only linked with the body being physically younger but also becoming less susceptible to decreased immune response against infections, Type 2 diabetes, Atherosclerotic lesions, Neurodegenerative diseases, Testicular, splenic, intestinal atrophy, and DNA damage.
The studies showed the that nutrients that had a beneficial effect are, Vitamin B12, Zinc, Vitamin D, Omega-3, Vitamin C and Vitamin E. Others, such as astaxanthin and curcumin, have vigorous scientific support to improve the overall body function.
Despite the fact that a nourishing diet accounts for about 80 percent of the benefits, exercise cannot be overlooked, and there’s evidence signifying that exercise prevents the telomere from shrinking as well. Fasting has also been known to be effective in this regard. This is because after the first 16 hours of not eating anything our bodies goes in the process of ketosis, in which it starts to burn body fat. Evidence also suggest that high calorie diets and carbohydrates are linked with early aging and as well as a lot of diseases such as diabetes, heart diseases and even different kinds of cancers.
A new study on post-menopausal women suffering from chronic stress found that “dynamic bodily movement seems to guard those feeling high stress by buffering its connection with telomere length.” In fact, between the women who did not workout, every part rise in the Perceived Stress Scale was linked to a 15-fold increase in the chances of having shorter telomeres. And those who did workout frequently presented no link between telomere length and apparent stress.
Intense and vigorous exercise seems to be the most efficient organic tactic to hinder aging caused by telomere reduction. And research has shown there’s a direct link between decreased telomere reduction in your later years and intense work outs.